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18th century women's and men's clothes


Darbas anglų kalba. XVIII amžiaus vyrų ir moterų drabužiai. Introduction. Madame de la Vallière, Madame de Montespan and Madame de Maintenon clothes. The eighteenth century (from 1700-1760). Hair. Women's hair. Men's hair. Clothes. Women's clothes. Men's clothes. Hats. New style. Women's hair dress . Women's clothes. True fashion plates. Fashion after French revolution. Men's clothes. Women‘s clothes. Conclusion.


The essential lines of eighteenth–century costume were, as we have noted in the previous chapter, already laid down in the last twenty years of seventeenth. The enormous prestige of the Court of Versailles had already resulted, all over Europe, in a willingness to accept, in matters of fashion as in much else, the dominance of France. Henceforward fashionable clothes meant, for the upper classes at least, French clothes.
Costumes in the 18th century had been influenced by those of earlier modes in that the materials were rich and splendid. Seriousness, rigidly, and dignity was the general idea of apparel. If we could begin to understand what it was like to be laced up in a corset every morning or dressed in linen or wool, we can begin to look at the human aspects of their daily lives, which are concealed in early records. Clothing was needed for both warmth and comfort just as it is today, but the need was quickly abandoned if the occasion called for it. Terms like dress and undress were used in the 18th century. To dress was to where formal clothing while to undress meant to wear informal clothing (1). Dressing was critical to both men and women in the 18th Century, in that it affected their daily lives from the details of their hair, multiple layers of clothes, and shoes.
Fashion in the period 1750-1795 in European and European-influenced countries reached (literal) heights of fantasy and abundant ornamentation, especially among the aristocracy of France, before a long-simmering movement toward simplicity and democratization of dress under the influence of Jean-Jacques Rousseau and the American Revolution led to an entirely new mode and the triumph of British tailoring following the French Revolution.
France, under the rule of Louis XIV, became the costume center of the world, with Mme Pompadour, Mme du Barry, and Marie Antoinette successively dictating the fashions of the day. It was the age of the wig, of rococo settings, of delicate pastels and flower-patterned silks, and of embroidery. Early in the century Rousseau's ideas affected style of dress. Women's costume became graceful and pastoral; the pointed bodice, tightly laced, was finished with a triangular scarf, or fichu, at the neck, and sleeves were ruffled at the elbow. The bell-shaped hoop appeared c.1710, and c.1735 side hoops, or panniers, were popular. Women's costume, which at this period became extremely formal, was gradually softened into a romantic look (as in portraits by Gainsborough) that anticipated the Empire style.
The 18th-century man first wore a knee-length cassock that buttoned all the way down over an equally long waistcoat, and buckled knee breeches. As the century progressed, the waistcoat became shorter, the skirt of the coat began to form tails, the collar became higher, and the sleeves and breeches became tighter.
The goals are:
1. To discover something interesting.
2. To study this theme.
3. To learn this theme.
4. To enrich my English knowledge.
Method. The literature which I was reading and was interested in the eighteenth century costume realy good and gave me more information. In this book I find out more pictures and descriptions about women ‘ s and men ‘ s costume, which was worn in eighteenth century. ...

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